India is the second most populated country. Currently, 50% of India’s population is below the age of 25.
More than 65% of the population is below 35 years of age.
We have the most resourceful youth in the whole world.
The talent and diversity that India hold, no country can match.
Yet the growth of Indian youth is not channelled in the right direction.
The current state of the economy makes our youth struggle for employment.
Many travel to other countries for employment.
The quality of life and education in youth is so diverse there is a huge gap of skills in them.
Nearly 1 per cent of India’s population lives in foreign countries, according to data released by the Government of India.
Around 6.08 lakh Indians gave up their Indian citizenship between 2017 and 2021. Read here for more information:https://www.indiatoday.in/amp/india/story/indians-living-abroad-indian-citizenship-granted-surrendered-govt-data-2016-2020-1882647-2021-11-30
What does the gap of skills mean?
The dropout rate after the class 8th of the basic school education is 52.7% in India.
Most of the youth don’t hold a class 10 certificate.
This is a major lack on the part of governance and the economy. Most students who back out from formal education come from a below poverty line category.
Education is a luxury for these kids.
These desperate young children engage themselves in child labour and unprofessional work.
Broadly there are two types of skills
- Technical skills: Technical skills are possessed by formal education( school). India doesn’t possess uniform education in terms of language or service. All change according to the environment and resources. The problem is even more acute in technical fields. For example, the 2019 National Employability Report for Engineers found that about 80% of Indian engineers did not possess the skills needed to meet the demands of their employers. Read the full article here: https://m.dw.com/en/india-youth-lack-skills/a-56879385
- Soft Skills: Soft skills are the skills like leadership and communication that are never taught in formal education, many who didn’t have access to formal education struggle with proper use of language. According to a report by UNICEF, more than 50% of young people in India will not have the requisite skills for employment by 2030. It pointed out that skills among Indian youths were found to be below the global average. Read the full article here: https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/youth-need-right-attitudes-and-not-just-skills-to-avoid-a-jobless-future/story-5gU6FBzmY6CvFFZXhX2btL_amp.html
The gap in the skills feels even more real in a pandemic as most Indian youth who drop out of school due to their economic background can not afford technology and access to good networks.
3 major areas of Impact on Youth due to pandemic
- Lack of online access: when the dropout of teenagers during grade 8 to 10 is more in India. The lack of online classes made children much more vulnerable to dropout.
- Lack of Jobs in Pandemic: Pandemic affected a lot of SME’s due to unskilled employees and no proper access to training, many SME’s had to shut down. This inversely affected the reduction in the job sector. These uneducated and unskilled youth usually depend on SME’s for employment.
- Lack of Social Skills: Pandemic did hinder everybody’s environmental growth. The socialising skills dropped and anxiety increased. Teenagers and tweens usually carry stage fright until a certain age but the past three years have prolonged their emotional and social growth.
When the situation of pandemic looks even worse In 2021 for the education sector as Indian youth don’t have access to quality education so virtual education seems unreachable to the youth in remote places and underprivileged of devices and networks.
Why is getting a job difficult for the youth in India?
- India has the highest youth population but the jobs are limited.
- The fight for the skilled candidate is always high.
- With the low economic support and lack of awareness very few youth try their hands on Entrepreneurship.
- Most of the youth entering the job sector never know their strengths and weaknesses.
- With the increase in online education and courses, the white-collar jobs see a cut-throat competition.
- Your don’t invest enough time and energy in soft skills like communication, time management and leadership to transform your overall personality.
How can we overcome this gap?
Now when we know that there is a lack, we must take the measures to minimise these gap.
- New Education Policy:We hope the New Education Policy is implemented at the earliest even in the remote areas. This will improve the quality of formal education.
- Vocational Training Programs: Those kids who are not privileged enough to continue formal education through college. They must be provided free Vocational training which gives them the chance to escape the poverty line.
- Focusing on Emotional Intelligence: Decision making, trustworthiness, leadership, honestly, reliability as the developed human emotions that make a person coachable and trainable. Schools or special programs must be conducted to focus on developing emotional intelligence in schools or the education sector.
- Upskilling for Entrepreneurship: India had 64 unicorns in 2021. This could be more as with the increasing number of youth. Job creation is essential. Thus the rise in skilled entrepreneurs is of utmost importance. Entrepreneurship must not be neglected to self-learnIng. There can be more training provided to become entrepreneurs.
- Training centre: Just like the focus on creating schools, there must be enough accessible training centres for skill development. The government must put extra effort into building training centers in remote areas.
With timely government measures, and awareness we can overcome the problem of unskilled youth.
As stated above due to pandemic the basic employability soft skills is reduced in the youth of India.
3 Important Professional Skills for Employment that Young India Lack
- Strategic Communication: The instant communication is missing. The Youth lacks in professional communications. How to maintain dignity in professional talks? How to respond to interview questions? How to negotiate with verbal communication?
- Time Management: The options of entertainment are for the youth. They find it difficult to concentrate on certain tasks within the timeline. Managing time is a skill and must be learnt by the youth of India for hustling through their desired lifestyle.
- Critical Thinking: Critical thinking is a major part of emotional intelligence. due to lack of exposure to different kinds of people and the environment this skill is not developed in youth. Critical thinking involves the ability to solve problems, respond and evaluate situations.
The good part is above all the skills are trainable only if the youth understands it’s importance on time.
Delaying learning these skills delays their career growth.
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